by mikekarnj on March 4, 2010
“You are the average of the 5 people you spend the most time with” — Jim Rohn
Are entrepreneurs born, or are they made? A recent Tech Crunch article argues that entrepreneurs can be made based on a $50M research project conducted by the Kauffman Foundation.
“The key is to provide education at “teachable moments” — when the entrepreneur is thinking about starting a venture or ready to scale it. Highly motivated individuals with “scalable ideas” can be recruited to be entrepreneurs and to be made successful, by surrounding them with a network of other experienced entrepreneurs; sources of money; and mentors. It is probably education, exposure to entrepreneurship, and networks that led these people to pursue the entrepreneurial path.”
This reminds me of the entrepreneurial story of Blake Mycoskie, who is the Founder of Tom Shoes. He started his entrepreneurial career at 19 when he started a laundry pick-up business in college. From there, he started an outdoor advertising company, television network, and technology company that provided drivers’ education for teenagers. These were successes and failures before he started Toms Shoes. There are two things to note with Blake. 1) He started his entrepreneurial career at 19 (he wasn’t born into an family of entrepreneurs) and 2) all of his companies were stepping stones to Toms Shoes (he failed and learned a lot of times before he was finally successful).
Another great story is the one behind the Paypal Mafia. What’s interesting about the Paypal Founding Team isn’t what they did at Paypal, it’s what they did after they sold the company to Ebay. They’ve launched everything from Youtube to LinkedIn to Kiva to launching rockets into space. How insane is that? And why?
“You never think it could happen to you,” says Hurley. “But seeing Peter and Max and the guys come up with ideas and seeing how to make things work gave me a lot of insight. You may not have a business degree, but you see how to put the process into effect. The experience helped me realize the payoff of being involved in a startup.”
So, one could argue that entrepreneurs are not born, but maybe made over time. Maybe it’s nurture, and not nature? And if it’s nurture, is there a way to structure a fund around the concept of “smart money”? Recently, there have been a lot of great funds that have started in the NYC startup ecosystem including Founder Collective and Lerer Media Ventures, which offers “smart money” to entrepreneurs (investment, experience, knowledge, contacts, etc) as well as financial investment.
Is there a way to create a fund that doesn’t invest any funds? Is there a way to focus on the entrepreneur while traditional funds focus on the company? Can a new fund invest knowledge, experience, networks, and ideas to making entrepreneurs better?
As ideas become cheaper and easier to implement in the tech space, entrepreneurs don’t need millions of dollars to get something out the door. Yes, they’ll still need money to scale and grow when they gain traction and success, but what about those entrepreneurs at that “teachable moment” when they just need some guidance?
Here’s how a fund that doesn’t invest funds could work:
1) It would consist of a “class” of entrepreneurs (around 3-4) and mentors (around 3-4).
2) The mentors would all be successful entrepreneurs that have grown and sold their companies ($50M+). The entrepreneurs would be the next up-and-coming class that will probably grow and sell their companies for $50M+. ($50M is some arbitrary number I picked. It could be any measure of success.)
3) The mentors would act as overall advisers for all the entrepreneurs (taking a minimal equity stake), and the entrepreneurs would have a peer-to-peer mentoring network with each other (with a cross-equity option pool for the startups). The mentors can offer advice and knowledge on everything from hiring to personal life/work balance to work cultures. The entrepreneurs would also have access to each other.
4) The overall fund would take a small percentage of equity from the startups.
So, to paint a even more realistic picture. Here’s an example of how one class would look like. The mentors could be Caterina Fake (Hunch & Flickr), Scott Kurnit (About), and Scott Heiferman (Meetup) in NYC. The entrepreneurs could be Naveen Selvadurai (Foursquare), Andrew Kortina (Venmo), and Justin Shaffer (Hot Potato).
A very strong thing to note is that this fund would be focused on “nurturing” the entrepreneur versus the actual company. The problems with the actual company would still go to the angel investors, board, and VC’s that invested money into the company. The problems s/he faces with being an entrepreneur would be directed towards this fund (mentors and peer entrepreneurs), with the equity coming out of the personal founder stock.
What do you guys think? Would you take investment from this new fund?
Even more importantly, “if you are the average of the 5 people you spend the most time with,” who are the 5 people you are surrounding yourself with today?